Including Archbishop Thomas Collins, Pope Benedict XVI created 22 new cardinals on the morning on February 18, 2012 during an ordinary public consistory in St. Peter's Basilica.
Of the new cardinals, 18 will be under the age of 80 and will be eligible to elect a new pope.
Under the Age of 80
| Fernando Filoni, 65 (Italy)
Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples (Propaganda Fide) since May 2011. This lifelong Vatican diplomat served for a decade in Hong Kong and, as nuncio to Iraq, he was the only foreign ambassador to remain in the country after the United States-led invasion in 2003. Most recently he spent four years as sostituto or Deputy Secretary of State for Internal Affairs. An alumnus of the prestigious Accademia Ecclesiastica for papal diplomats.
(photo from ucanews.com)
|Manuel Monteiro de Castro, 73 (Portugal)
Major Penitentiary since January 2012. This papal diplomat was nuncio in several countries in the Caribbean, Latin America and South Africa. After serving as the Pope's man in Madrid, he spent four years as archbishop-secretary of the Congregation for Bishops. An Accademia Ecclesiastica alumnus.
(photo from sicnoticias.sapo.pt)
|Santos Abril y Castelló, 76 (Spain)
Arch-priest of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore since November 2011. He was recently named vice Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church after a long career as a papal nuncio in several countries in the Balkans, Latin America and Africa. He, too, has an Accademia pedigree.
(photo from diariodeteruel.es)
|Antonio Maria Vegliò, 74 (Italy)
President of the Pontifical Council for Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People since February 2009. This career diplomat was nuncio to several countries in Africa and the Middle East, before spending eight years as archbishop-secretary of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. Another graduate of Rome's Accademia Ecclesiastica.
(photo from pcmigrants.org)
|Giuseppe Bertello, 69 (Italy)
Governor of Vatican City State since October 2011. Finished a long and illustrious diplomatic career as nuncio to Italy before being appointed to his current post. He, too, was groomed at the Accademia.
(photo from vaticanhistory.de)
|Francesco Coccopalmerio, 73 (Italy)
President of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts since February 2007. This top-notch, Rome-trained canon lawyer and professor served as an auxiliary in Milan from 1996 until his current Vatican post.
(photo from wikipedia.org)
|João Braz de Aviz, 64 (Brazil)
Prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life since January 2011. The only Latin American of the consistory, he was named an auxiliary bishop in 1994 after 20 years of parish and seminary work. A member of the Focolare Movement with degrees from the Gregorian and Lateran Universities, he headed the Archdiocese of Brasilia for seven years prior to his Vatican appointment.
(photo from wikipedia.org)
|Edwin O'Brien, 72 (US)
Pro-Grand Master of the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre since August 2011. A former rector of the seminary in his native Archdiocese of New York and the North American College in Rome, he was head of the US Military Archdiocese for 10 years. In 2007 he was named Archbishop of Baltimore, distinguishing himself by banning the Legionaries of Christ.
(photo from cathnewsusa.com)
|Domenico Calcagno, 69 (Italy)
After four years as second in command, he was appointed President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See in July 2011. A priest from Genoa, this Rome-educated theology professor was an Italian Episcopal Conference (CEI) official when he was named Bishop of Savona-Noli in 2002.
(photo from flickr.com)
|Giuseppe Versaldi, 68 (Italy)
President of Prefecture of Economic Affairs of the Holy See since September 2011. A priest of Vercelli, he was the right-hand man to Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone SDB when the Secretary of State was archbishop there. With doctorates in psychology and canon law from the Gregorian University, he was Bishop of Alessandria della Paglia from 2007 until his current appointment.
(photo from catholicnewsagency.com)
|George Alencherry, 66 (India)
Major Archbishop of the Syro-Malabar Church since May 2011. A Paris-educated theologian specialising in catechetics, he taught pastoral counselling for many years at the Pontifical Institute of Theology in Alwaye. He was elected bishop in 1997 and head of India's Syro-Malabar Church last May.
(photo from dioceseofkalyan.blogspot.com)
|Thomas Collins, 65 (Canada)
Archbishop of Toronto since December 2006. With a licentiate in Scripture from Rome's Pontifical Biblical Institute and doctorate in theology from the Gregorian University, he spent nearly 20 years as seminary professor and rector. Appointed bishop at age 50, this is his third diocese. A great promoter of lectio divina.
(photo from archtoronto.org)
|Dominik Duka OP, 68 (Czech Republic)
Archbishop of Prague since February 2010. Shortly after his ordination as a Dominican priest, the Communist authorities tried to impede his ministry by forcing him to work for nearly 15 years in a Skoda car factory. He was also imprisoned for a year. Later he became provincial superior of the Dominicans in Bohemia and Moravia, and taught theology before being made a bishop in 1989. Has been criticised for being too close to ultra-conservative Czech President Vaclav Klaus.
(photo from tisk.cirkev.cz)
|Willem Eijk, 58 (Netherlands)
Archbishop of Utrecht since December 2007. A medical doctor who was ordained priest at age 32, he has a degree in moral philosophy from Rome's "Angelicum" University. After 10 years teaching in seminary and a two-year membership on the CDF-sponsored International Theological Commission, this noted theological conservative was appointed bishop in 1999.
(photo from haguediplomaticsociety.wordpress.com)
|Giuseppe Betori, 65 (Italy)
Archbishop of Florence since September 2008. A Rome-trained scripture scholar, he was a seminary professor, head of the Italian bishops' catechetical office and then spent more than a decade at the episcopal conference, becoming bishop-secretary general in 2001. Protégé of retired Cardinal Camillo Ruini, former Vicar of Rome and CEI president.
(photo from webdiocesi.chiesacattolica.it)
|Timothy Dolan, 62 (US)
Archbishop of New York since February 2009. This former North American College rector and staff member at the US nunciature in Washington is a conservative with outstanding people skills. With a doctorate in American Church history, he is a master teller of clerical lore. He was made an auxiliary in his native St. Louis before spending more than seven years as Archbishop of Milwaukee.
(photo from nypost.com)
|Rainer Maria Woelki, 55 (Germany)
Archbishop of Berlin since July 2011. He earned a doctorate in theology at the Opus Dei university in Rome and spent eight years as an auxiliary in Cologne where Cardinal Joachim Meisner served as his mentor and protector.
(photo from katholisch.de)
|John Tong Hon, 72 (China)
Bishop of Hong Kong since April 2009. One of the most respected Catholic figures in Hong Kong, he spent most of his priesthood as a seminary and theology professor, as well as a newspaper editor. Vicar general since 1992, he was made an auxiliary in 1996. More moderate towards Communist authorities than his pugnacious predecessor, Cardinal Joseph Zen SDB.
(photo from bistum-essen.de)
Over the Age of 80
|Lucian Muresan, 80 (Romania)
Major Archbishop of Fagaras and Alba Iulia since July 1994. This Byzantine Romanian Rite prelate had to exercise his ministry clandestinely for a period.
(photo from clujtoday.ro)
|Julien Ries, 91 (Belgium)
Professor-emeritus of the Catholic University of Louvain-la-Neuve. A lifelong professor, his major work is on the anthropology of religions. Highly acclaimed in Italy.
(photo from studyitaly.it)
|Prosper Grech OSA, 86 (Malta)
Augustinian professor-emeritus of several Roman universities and long-serving consultor to the Vatican's doctrinal office. First Augustinian friar in more than 100 years to be created cardinal.
(photo from augustinians.net)
|Karl Becker SJ, 83 (Germany)
Jesuit professor-emeritus of the Pontifical Gregorian University. Consultor to the CDF and one of the Vatican team of theologians currently trying to forge the Pope's desired reconciliation with the Priestly Fraternity of St Pius X.
(photo from jesuiten.org)