​Timeline

1600s to 1800s | 1900s | 2000s

Here are important dates in the history of th​e Archdiocese of Toronto, as well as contemporary events that affected the development of the local Catholic Church​​ in the 1900s.

1900

Mount Hope Cemetery is opened.

1908

April 13: Bishop Fergus Patrick McEvay is appointed Archbishop of Toronto.

May 4: Archbishop O'Connor resigns.

Canadian Catholic Church Extension Society is founded (name changes to Catholic Missions in Canada in 1999).

1910

October 23: Cornerstone of St. Augustine's Seminary is laid.

1911

Catholic population is 70,000 and Archbishop McEvay has created seven new parishes, bringing the total number of churches to 92; he has also built 10 church buildings and a new archiepiscopal residence.*

Catholic Directory, Almanac and Clergy List (Milwaukee: Wiltzius Company, 1911), p. 55.

May 10: Archbishop McEvay dies and is buried in Regina Cleri Cemetery at St. Augustine's Seminary

June 30: Archbishop O'Connor dies and is buried at Mount Hope Cemetery.

1912

December 22: Archbishop Neil ​McNeil arrives in the Archdiocese of Toronto.

1913

Catholic Charities Office is formed (name changes: Federation of Catholic Charities (1927); Council of Catholic Charities (1946); Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Toronto (1981)).

August 28: Opening of St. Augustine's Seminary.

1914

June 28: Outbreak of World War I

1917

Catholic population is 75,000, served by 100 parishes and missions.*

The Ontario Catholic Year Book and Directory (Toronto: Newman Club Toronto, 1918), p. 40.

1918

November 11: Armistice is signed ending World War I.

1924

China Mission Seminary is established next to St. Augustine's Seminary, later becoming the Scarborough Foreign Mission Society.

1929

Catholic population is 125,000, served by 119 parishes and missions.*

* The Official Catholic Directory Anno Domini 1929 (New York: P.J. Kennedy and Sons, 1929), p. 61.

September: Foundation of the Institute of Mediaeval Studies (is created a Pontifical Institute in October 1939).

October 29: Stock market crashes marking the beginning of Great Depression

1934

May 25: Archbishop McNeil dies and is buried at St. Augustine's Seminary.

Catholic population is 165,000* and the number of parishes and missions has grown to 126.**

* The Official Catholic Directory Anno Domini 1935 (New York: P.J. Kennedy and Sons, 1935), p. 47. **Hoffmann's Catholic Directory (Milwaukee: Hoffman Company, 1899), p. 43.

1935

Mar 20: Archbishop James C. McGuigan is installed in Toronto. Under his administration, the following Auxiliary Bishops are appointed: Benjamin (1946-1954); Francis Allen (1954-1977); Francis Marroc​co (1955-1968).

1937

St. Michael's Choir School is founded.

1939-45


World War II: Archbishop McGuigan releases priests to serve as chaplains in the armed forces and forms a unit of ninety women's societies sending parcels overseas, providing chapels and reading rooms in military camps and serving meals.

Archbishop McGuigan's administration conducts many successful fund-raising campaigns, including ones for St. Augustine's Seminary and for Catholic education.

1946

February 18: Archbishop McGuigan is elevated to the Sacred College of Cardinals, becoming the first English-speaking Cardinal in Canada.

1947

June 18-22: Marian Congress in Ottawa is presided over by Cardinal McGuigan as the special representative of Pope Pius XII.

1949

Catholic population is 197,000, served by 158 parishes and missions.*

* Le Canada Ecclésiastique: Annuaire du Clergé 1949 (Montréal: Librairie Beauchemin, 1949) p. 388.

1954

Opening of Holy Cross Cemetery in Thornhill.

1958

November: Establishment of the Diocese of St. Catharines.

1959

Catholic population is 365,000, served by 153 parishes and missions.*

* ARCAT, Diocesan Quinquennial Reports, 1959.

1961

February 18: Archbishop Philip F. Pocock is named Coadjutor to the Archbishop of Toronto and takes over the administration of the Archdiocese. Under his administration, the following Auxiliary Bishops are appointed: Thomas Fulton (1968-1978); Aloysius​ Ambrozic (1976-1990).

1962-65

The Second Vatican Council or Vatican II is held.

1966

Senate of Priests is established.

1969

January: Archdiocesan Pastoral Council is established.

1970

April:Toronto School of Theology is incorporated.

1971

Cardinal McGuigan resigns.

1973

Catholic population is 750,000, served by 203 parishes and missions.*

* ARCAT, Diocesan Quinquennial Reports, 1973.​

1974

April 8: Cardinal McGuigan dies and is buried at St. Augustine's Seminary.

May-June: The first 26 Permanent Deacons of the Archdiocese of Toronto are ordained in five separate ceremonies by Archbishop Pocock.

1976


ShareLife is established when Archbishop Pocock withdraws the Council of Catholic Charities from the United Way.

1978

By 1978 the Catholic population is 900,000 and 45 new parishes had been built for a total of 210 parishes ​and missions.*

* Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops Directory 1979 (Ottawa: Concacan Inc., 1979), p. 78.

April 29: Archbishop Pocock resigns.

June 5: Bishop Gerald Emmett Carter is installed as Archbishop of Toronto. Under his administration, the following Auxiliary Bishops are appointed: Robert Clune (1979-1997); M. Pearse Lacey (1979-1993); Le​onard Wall (1979-1992).

1979

May 26: Archbishop Carter is elevated to the Sacred College of Cardinals.

1981

Cardinal Carter begins the annual Cardinal's Dinner.

1982

Covenant House is established in downtown Toronto.

1984

Catholic population is 1,214,000, served by 214 parishes, missions and chapels.*

* Canadian Catholic Church Directory 1985-1986 (Montréal: B.M. Advertising Inc., 1985), p. 218.

September 6: Archbishop Pocock dies and is buried at Holy Cross Cemetery, Thornhill.

September 14-15: Pope John Paul II visits various parts of the archdiocese as part of a pastoral visit to Canada.

1986

May 22: Bishop Ambrozic is appointed Coadjutor Archbishop.

1987

Ontario Government passes legislation providing full funding to Catholic high schools.


Cardinal Carter celebrates a triple anniversary: 75th birthday; 50th year as a priest; and 25th year as a bishop. ​

1990

March 17: Cardinal Carter resigns, making Archbishop Ambrozic the new ordinary of the Archdiocese of Toronto. Under Archbishop Ambrozic's administration, the following Auxiliary Bishops are appointed: Nicola De Angelis, C.F.I.C.(1992- 2003); John Knight (1992-2001);Terrence Prendergast S.J. (1995-1998); R. Anthony Meagher (1997-2002); John Boissonneau​ (2001- Present); Richard Grecco (2002-2009); Daniel B​ohan (2003-2005); Peter J. Hundt (2006-2011).

1991

April: Archbishop Ambrozic announces the creation of an office of youth ministry (now called Office of Catholic Youth).

1992

Catholic population is 1,337,000,* served by 233 parishes, missions and chapels.**

* Canadian Catholic Church Directory 1985-1986 (Montréal: B.M. Advertising Inc., 1985), p. 218.​ **ARCAT, Diocesan Quinquennial Reports, 1992.​

1998

February 21: Archbishop Ambrozic is elevated to the Sacred College of Cardinals.


Next: 2000s