Here are important dates in the history of the Archdiocese of Toronto, as well as contemporary events that affected the development of the local Catholic Church in the 1900s.
Mount Hope Cemetery is opened.
April 13: Bishop Fergus Patrick McEvay is appointed Archbishop of Toronto.
May 4: Archbishop O'Connor resigns.
Canadian Catholic Church Extension Society is founded (name changes to
Catholic Missions in Canada in 1999).
October 23: Cornerstone of St. Augustine's Seminary is laid.
Catholic population is 70,000 and Archbishop McEvay has created seven new parishes, bringing the total number of churches to 92; he has also built 10 church buildings and a new archiepiscopal residence.*
* Catholic Directory, Almanac and Clergy List (Milwaukee: Wiltzius Company, 1911), p. 55.
May 10: Archbishop McEvay dies and is buried in Regina Cleri Cemetery at St. Augustine's Seminary
June 30: Archbishop O'Connor dies and is buried at Mount Hope Cemetery.
December 22: Archbishop Neil McNeil arrives in the Archdiocese of Toronto.
Catholic Charities Office is formed (name changes: Federation of Catholic Charities (1927); Council of Catholic Charities (1946); Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Toronto (1981)).
August 28: Opening of
St. Augustine's Seminary.
June 28: Outbreak of World War I
Catholic population is 75,000, served by 100 parishes and missions.*
* The Ontario Catholic Year Book and Directory (Toronto: Newman Club Toronto, 1918), p. 40.
November 11: Armistice is signed ending World War I.
China Mission Seminary is established next to St. Augustine's Seminary, later becoming the Scarborough Foreign Mission Society.
Catholic population is 125,000, served by 119 parishes and missions.*
* The Official Catholic Directory Anno Domini 1929 (New York: P.J. Kennedy and Sons, 1929), p. 61.
September: Foundation of the
Institute of Mediaeval Studies (is created a Pontifical Institute in October 1939).
October 29: Stock market crashes marking the beginning of Great Depression
May 25: Archbishop McNeil dies and is buried at St. Augustine's Seminary.
Catholic population is 165,000* and the number of parishes and missions has grown to 126.**
* The Official Catholic Directory Anno Domini 1935 (New York: P.J. Kennedy and Sons, 1935), p. 47. **Hoffmann's Catholic Directory (Milwaukee: Hoffman Company, 1899), p. 43.
Mar 20: Archbishop James C. McGuigan is installed in Toronto. Under his administration, the following Auxiliary Bishops are appointed: Benjamin (1946-1954); Francis Allen (1954-1977); Francis Marrocco (1955-1968).
St. Michael's Choir School is founded.
World War II: Archbishop McGuigan releases priests to serve as chaplains in the armed forces and forms a unit of ninety women's societies sending parcels overseas, providing chapels and reading rooms in military camps and serving meals.
Archbishop McGuigan's administration conducts many successful fund-raising campaigns, including ones for St. Augustine's Seminary and for Catholic education.
February 18: Archbishop McGuigan is elevated to the Sacred College of Cardinals, becoming the first English-speaking Cardinal in Canada.
June 18-22: Marian Congress in Ottawa is presided over by Cardinal McGuigan as the special representative of Pope Pius XII.
Catholic population is 197,000, served by 158 parishes and missions.*
* Le Canada Ecclésiastique: Annuaire du Clergé 1949 (Montréal: Librairie Beauchemin, 1949) p. 388.
Holy Cross Cemetery in Thornhill.
November: Establishment of the
Diocese of St. Catharines.
Catholic population is 365,000, served by 153 parishes and missions.*
* ARCAT, Diocesan Quinquennial Reports, 1959.
February 18: Archbishop Philip F. Pocock is named Coadjutor to the Archbishop of Toronto and takes over the administration of the Archdiocese. Under his administration, the following Auxiliary Bishops are appointed: Thomas Fulton (1968-1978); Aloysius Ambrozic (1976-1990).
The Second Vatican Council or Vatican II is held.
Senate of Priests is established.
January: Archdiocesan Pastoral Council is established.
April:Toronto School of Theology is incorporated.
Cardinal McGuigan resigns.
Catholic population is 750,000, served by 203 parishes and missions.*
* ARCAT, Diocesan Quinquennial Reports, 1973.
April 8: Cardinal McGuigan dies and is buried at St. Augustine's Seminary.
May-June: The first 26 Permanent Deacons of the Archdiocese of Toronto are ordained in five separate ceremonies by Archbishop Pocock.
ShareLife is established when Archbishop Pocock withdraws the Council of Catholic Charities from the United Way.
By 1978 the Catholic population is 900,000 and 45 new parishes had been built for a total of 210 parishes and missions.*
* Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops Directory 1979 (Ottawa: Concacan Inc., 1979), p. 78.
April 29: Archbishop Pocock resigns.
June 5: Bishop Gerald Emmett Carter is installed as Archbishop of Toronto. Under his administration, the following Auxiliary Bishops are appointed: Robert Clune (1979-1997); M. Pearse Lacey (1979-1993); Leonard Wall (1979-1992).
May 26: Archbishop Carter is elevated to the Sacred College of Cardinals.
Cardinal Carter begins the annual Cardinal's Dinner.
Covenant House is established in downtown Toronto.
Catholic population is 1,214,000, served by 214 parishes, missions and chapels.*
* Canadian Catholic Church Directory 1985-1986 (Montréal: B.M. Advertising Inc., 1985), p. 218.
September 6: Archbishop Pocock dies and is buried at Holy Cross Cemetery, Thornhill.
September 14-15: Pope John Paul II visits various parts of the archdiocese as part of a pastoral visit to Canada.
May 22: Bishop Ambrozic is appointed Coadjutor Archbishop.
Ontario Government passes legislation providing full funding to Catholic high schools.
Cardinal Carter celebrates a triple anniversary: 75th birthday; 50th year as a priest; and 25th year as a bishop.
March 17: Cardinal Carter resigns, making Archbishop Ambrozic the new ordinary of the Archdiocese of Toronto. Under Archbishop Ambrozic's administration, the following Auxiliary Bishops are appointed: Nicola De Angelis, C.F.I.C.(1992- 2003); John Knight (1992-2001);Terrence Prendergast S.J. (1995-1998); R. Anthony Meagher (1997-2002);
John Boissonneau (2001- Present); Richard Grecco (2002-2009); Daniel Bohan (2003-2005); Peter J. Hundt (2006-2011).
April: Archbishop Ambrozic announces the creation of an office of youth ministry (now called
Office of Catholic Youth).
Catholic population is 1,337,000,* served by 233 parishes, missions and chapels.**
* Canadian Catholic Church Directory 1985-1986 (Montréal: B.M. Advertising Inc., 1985), p. 218. **ARCAT, Diocesan Quinquennial Reports, 1992.
February 21: Archbishop Ambrozic is elevated to the Sacred College of Cardinals.